new england geography
Some New England states have rocky soil, hilly landscapes and thick forests, while others have flat land and rich soil. Southeastern New England is covered by a narrow coastal plain, while the western and northern regions are dominated by the rolling hills and worn-down peaks of the northern end of the Appalachian Mountains. , Some industrial areas were slow in adjusting to the new service economy. The New England Colonies were settled primarily by farmers who became relatively self-sufficient. Greater Boston is the largest metropolitan area, with nearly a third of New England's population; this area includes Worcester, Massachusetts (the second-largest city in New England), Manchester, New Hampshire (the largest city in New Hampshire), and Providence, Rhode Island (the capital of and largest city in Rhode Island). Boston is the northern terminus of the Northeast Corridor. In New England, consequently, the democracy makes a more judicious choice than it does elsewhere. Notable stand-up comedians are also from the region, including Bill Burr, Steve Sweeney, Steven Wright, Sarah Silverman, Lisa Lampanelli, Denis Leary, Lenny Clarke, Patrice O'Neal and Louis CK.  Prior to the arrival of European colonists, the Western Abenakis inhabited what is modern New Hampshire, New York and Vermont, as well as parts of Quebec and western Maine. New England is represented in professional soccer by the New England Revolution, an inaugural team of the Major League Soccer founded in 1994 and playing in Gillette Stadium which it shares with the New England Patriots. There are also many large cities, including Boston in Massachusetts, and sprawling countrysides throughout the northern area. The New England Region -harsh land and rigorous traditions have given New Englanders a respect for their history and adaptability to their changing present. The University of Maine, the University of New Hampshire, the University of Connecticut, the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, the University of Rhode Island, and the University of Vermont are the flagship state universities in the region.  As of the 117th Congress, all members of the House of Representatives from New England are members of the Democratic Party, and all but one of its senators caucus with the Democrats. , According to the 2014 American Community Survey, the top ten largest reported European ancestries were the following:, English is, by far, the most common language spoken at home. One college in particular, Saint Anselm College, has been home to numerous national presidential debates and visits by candidates to its campus..  Wind power, mainly from offshore sources, is expected to gain market share in the 2020s. The New England area became known for a number of themes that recurred in films made during this era, including the development of yankee characters, smalltown life contrasted with city values, seafaring tales, family secrets and haunted New England. New England has a rich history in filmmaking dating back to the dawn of the motion picture era at the turn of the 20th century, sometimes dubbed Hollywood East by film critics. New England has several regional cable networks, including New England Cable News (NECN) and the New England Sports Network (NESN). Vermont is fifteenth for dairy products, and Connecticut and Massachusetts seventh and eleventh for tobacco, respectively.  The shoe industry subsequently left the region as well. , The Appalachians extend northwards into New Hampshire as the White Mountains, and then into Maine and Canada. , During the same period, New England and areas settled by New Englanders (upstate New York, Ohio's Western Reserve, and the upper midwestern states of Michigan and Wisconsin) were the center of the strongest abolitionist and anti-slavery movements in the United States, coinciding with the Protestant Great Awakening in the region. The region played a prominent role in the movement to abolish slavery in the United States, and it was the first region of the U.S. transformed by the Industrial Revolution, centered on the Blackstone and Merrimack river valleys.  The East Anglian "whine" developed into the Yankee "twang". economy. , New England is home to some of the oldest public schools in the nation. The New York rules gradually became more popular throughout the United States, and professional and semi-professional clubs began to appear. As of January 2017, employment is stronger in New England than in the rest of the United States.  Hartford Public High School is the second oldest operating high school in the U.S..  It is the site of the second highest recorded wind speed on Earth, and has the reputation of having the world's most severe weather. Bain, Angela Goebel; Manring, Lynne; and Mathews, Barbara. The NBA G League team the Maine Red Claws is based in Portland, Maine. Colonists in the New England colonies endured bitterly cold winters and mild summers. Morgan was an instructor at a YMCA and wanted to create an indoor game for his athletes. The territory of Maine had been a part of Massachusetts, but it was granted statehood on March 15, 1820, as part of the Missouri Compromise. State Street Corporation specializes in asset management and custody services and is based in the city. As of 2005, the National Education Association ranked Connecticut as having the highest-paid teachers in the country. Fenway Park was built in 1912 and is the oldest ballpark still in use in Major League Baseball. As another example, every New England state has a town named Warren, and every state except Rhode Island has a city or town named Andover, Bridgewater, Chester, Franklin, Manchester, Plymouth, Washington, and Windsor; in addition, every state except Connecticut has a Lincoln and a Richmond, and Massachusetts, Vermont, and Maine each contains a Franklin County. (2006).  Other professional baseball teams in the region include the Hartford Yard Goats, Lowell Spinners, New Hampshire Fisher Cats, Vermont Lake Monsters, Portland Sea Dogs, Bridgeport Bluefish, New Britain Bees and the Pawtucket Red Sox..  At this time, Vermont was uncolonized, and the territories of New Hampshire and Maine were claimed and governed by Massachusetts. New England has developed a distinct cuisine, dialect, architecture, and government. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? The U.S. Department of Commerce has called the New England economy a microcosm for the entire U.S. Coastal Connecticut makes use of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority of New York due to the connection of that region to New York's economy. In the beginning of 1930, another John Hull helped Massachusetts out. Relationships between colonists and local Indian tribes alternated between peace and armed skirmishes, the bloodiest of which was the Pequot War in 1637 which resulted in the Mystic massacre. The Federal Reserve Bank of Boston publishes the New England Economic Review. A number of Saturday Night Live (SNL) cast members have roots in New England, from Adam Sandler to Amy Poehler, who also starred in the NBC television series Parks and Recreation. , Vermont was admitted to statehood in 1791 after settling a dispute with New York. , As of 2014, approximately 87% of New England's inhabitants were born in the U.S., while over 12% were foreign-born. New England is a region in the far northeast of the United States of America. , With the arrival of colonists, many Native Americans were kidnapped for enslavement. There was an uneasy tension between the Royal Governors, their officers, and the elected governing bodies of the colonies. The climate of New England is far colder than the other regions and winters tend to last longer. In this region the winters are long and cold, and heavy snow is common (most locations receive 60 to 120 inches (1,500 to 3,000 mm) of snow annually in this region). The geography of the New England Colonies is diverse. The textile mills one by one went out of business from the 1920s to the 1970s. , There are several American English dialects spoken in the region, most famously the Boston accent, which is native to the northeastern coastal regions of New England. The Pioneer Valley Transit Authority and the MetroWest Regional Transit Authority are examples of public bus transportation which support more suburban and rural communities. , Candlepin bowling is essentially confined to New England, where it was invented in the 19th century.. The UConn Huskies women's basketball team is the most successful women's collegiate team in the nation, winning 11 NCAA Division I titles. In 2017, Boston was ranked as having the ninth-most competitive financial center in the world and the fourth-most competitive in the United States. The Massachusetts Historical Society, founded in 1791, is the oldest operating in the United States. New England was an important center of American classical music for some time. The geographical features of the New England Colonies are absolutely perfect! , State and national elected officials in New England recently have been elected mainly from the Democratic Party. There were Willow Tree Shillings, Oak Tree Shillings, and Pine Tree Shillings" minted by John Hull and Robert Sanderson in the "Hull Mint" on Summer Street in Boston, Massachusetts.  Abolitionists who demanded immediate emancipation such as William Lloyd Garrison, John Greenleaf Whittier and Wendell Phillips had their base in the region. The middle colonies are also notable for having a complex system of rivers, including the Delaware River and the Hudson River. The confederation was designed largely to coordinate mutual defense, and it gained some importance during King Philip's War which pitted the colonists and their Indian allies against a widespread Indian uprising from June 1675 through April 1678, resulting in killings and massacres on both sides.. The Irish Sea, Atlantic Ocean and North Sea surround England, granting it an extensive coastline.  The Appalachian Mountains roughly follow the border between New England and New York. Boston is the site of the New England Conservatory, Boston Conservatory at Berklee, and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. "An appeal to Heaven" and "Nunquam libertas gratior extat" (, Location of New England (red) in the United States, Location of New England (red) in North America, Private and independent secondary schools, Museums, historical societies, and libraries, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. , The General Electric Corporation announced its decision to move the company's global headquarters to the Boston Seaport District from Fairfield, Connecticut, in 2016, citing factors including Boston's preeminence in the realm of higher education. Fairfield County, Connecticut, has a large concentration of investment management firms in the area, most notably Bridgewater Associates (one of the world's largest hedge fund companies), Aladdin Capital Management and Point72 Asset Management. Roughly 1,085,000 people (7.8% of the population) spoke Spanish at home, and roughly 970,000 people (7.0% of the population) spoke other Indo-European languages at home. It is also home to the corporate headquarters of U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? In 1692, the town of Salem, Massachusetts, and surrounding areas experienced the Salem witch trials, one of the most infamous cases of mass hysteria in history.. The factory economy practically disappeared. The first printing press in America was set up in Cambridge, Massachusetts, by Stephen Daye in the 17th century. Boston Latin School is the oldest public school in America and was attended by several signatories of the Declaration of Independence. England is made up of about 65% of the island of Great Britain as well as the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly. Basketball was developed in Springfield, Massachusetts, by James Naismith in 1891. The First New England School of composers was active between 1770 and 1820, and the Second New England School about a century later.  The Pilgrims wrote and signed the Mayflower Compact before leaving the ship, and it became their first governing document.  Other prominent New England novelists include John Irving, Edgar Allan Poe, Louisa May Alcott, Sarah Orne Jewett, H. P. Lovecraft, Annie Proulx, Stephen King, Jack Kerouac, George V. Higgins, and Nathaniel Hawthorne. In addition, most of the rural areas are covered with forests and woods. Logan Airport is the busiest transportation hub in the region in terms of number of passengers and total cargo, opened in 1923 and located in East Boston and Winthrop, Massachusetts. Prescott. It is closer to continental Europe than any other part of mainland Britain, divided from France only by a 33 km sea gap, the English Channel. There were often disputes over territorial jurisdiction, leading to land exchanges such as those regarding the Equivalent Lands and New Hampshire Grants. Historic New England operates museums and historic sites in the name of historical preservation. New England's long rolling hills, mountains, and jagged coastline are glacial landforms resulting from the retreat of ice sheets approximately 18,000 years ago, during the last glacial period.  The "Hull Mint" was forced to close in 1683. It has the Appalachian Highlands like the other colonial regions. The city is also home to the Hynes Convention Center in the Back Bay and the Seaport Hotel and Seaport World Trade Center and Boston Convention and Exhibition Center on the South Boston waterfront. Republicans in New England are today considered by both liberals and conservatives to be more moderate (socially liberal) compared to Republicans in other parts of the U.S., Historically, the New Hampshire primary has been the first in a series of nationwide political party primary elections held in the United States every four years. Three-quarters of the population of New England, and most of the major cities, are in the states of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Rhode Island.  Americans of Cuban descent are scant in number; there were roughly 26,000 Cuban Americans in the region in 2014. It historically has been an important center of industry and manufacturing and a supplier of natural resource products, such as granite, lobster, and codfish. " The use and effectiveness of town meetings is still discussed by scholars, as well as the possible application of the format to other regions and countries.  Massachusetts and Connecticut were among the last refuges of the Federalist Party, and New England became the strongest bastion of the new Whig Party when the Second Party System began in the 1830s. The Women's National Basketball Association's Connecticut Sun is based in Uncasville, Connecticut. pages.  Their principal town was Norridgewock in present-day Maine. New England has a significantly higher population density than that of the U.S. as a whole (79.56/sq mi), or even just the contiguous 48 states (94.48/sq mi). The earliest known inhabitants of New England were American Indians who spoke a variety of the Eastern Algonquian languages. Cold winters reduced the spread of disease. The fish included cod, mackerel, herring, halibut, hake, bass and sturgeon. For example, the town of North Yarmouth, Maine, was named by settlers from Yarmouth, Massachusetts, which was in turn named for Great Yarmouth in England. Hartford, Connecticut resident Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin was an influential book in the spread of abolitionist ideas and is said to have "laid the groundwork for the Civil War".  Many cities and towns across New England operate their own historical societies focused on historical preservation of local sites and the recording of local history. The Geography and Climate in the New England Colonies wasn't very good because the land was rocky and not good for farming, also the winters were very harsh. Agriculture is limited by the area's rocky soil, cool climate, and small area. In 1620, Puritan Separatist Pilgrims from England established Plymouth Colony, the second successful English settlement in America, following the Jamestown Settlement in Virginia founded in 1607. In 2009, less than half of those polled in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont claimed that religion was an important part of their daily lives.  The New England region continued to churn out films at a pace above the national average for the duration of the 20th century, including blockbuster hits such as Jaws, Good Will Hunting and The Departed, all of which won Academy Awards. From the late 18th century to the mid to late 19th century, New England and its colleges were the nation's religious and intellectual center, and the region was a commercial trading powerhouse. "In marathoning, it has a foothold – History means Boston can give any race in the world a run for its money", by John Powers, taxes without the consent of the colonists, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, flags historically associated with New England, Southeastern Connecticut/Greater New London. The states of New England have a combined area of 71,991.8 square miles (186,458 km2), making the region slightly larger than the state of Washington and slightly smaller than Great Britain. s. Amtrak provides interstate rail service throughout New England. The literature of New England has had an enduring influence on American literature in general, with themes that are emblematic of the larger concerns of American letters, such as religion, race, the individual versus society, social repression and nature.. 19th century New England was a center for progressive ideals, and many abolitionist and transcendentalist tracts were produced. , The Boston Marathon is run on Patriots' Day every year and was first run in 1897.  Maine alone constitutes nearly one-half of the total area of New England, yet is only the 39th-largest state, slightly smaller than Indiana. New Hampshire The region has become more ethnically diverse, having seen waves of immigration from Ireland, Quebec, Italy, Portugal, Germany, Poland, Scandinavia, Asia, Latin America, Africa, other parts of the U.S., and elsewhere. England is not considered a separate nation, as it is governed by the United Kingdom. It's the Super Bowl, and once again the New England Patriots are playing in the NFL's annual title game.  The name was officially sanctioned on November 3, 1620, when the charter of the Virginia Company of Plymouth was replaced by a royal charter for the Plymouth Council for New England, a joint-stock company established to colonize and govern the region. After the Glorious Revolution in 1689, Bostonians overthrew royal governor Sir Edmund Andros. There are also high-profile collegiate and high school football rivalries in New England. , A version of India pale ale has recently become popular known as the "New England India Pale Ale" (NEIPA), developed in Vermont in the 2010s. Granite is quarried at Barre, Vermont, guns made at Springfield, Massachusetts, and Saco, Maine, submarines at Groton, Connecticut, surface naval vessels at Bath, Maine, and hand tools at Turners Falls, Massachusetts. This changed in the late 20th century, in large part due to demographic shifts and the Republican Party's adoption of socially conservative platforms as part of their strategic shift towards the South. Like urban centers in the Rust Belt, once-bustling New England communities fell into economic decay following the flight of the region's industrial base. In central and eastern Massachusetts, northern Rhode Island, and northern Connecticut, the same humid continental prevails (Dfa), though summers are warm to hot, winters are shorter, and there is less snowfall (especially in the coastal areas where it is often warmer). The enduring European influence can be seen in the region in the use of traffic rotaries, the bilingual French and English towns of northern Vermont, Maine, and New Hampshire, the region's heavy prevalence of English town- and county-names, and its unique, often non-rhotic coastal dialect reminiscent of southeastern England. The major reasons were cheap imports, the strong dollar, declining exports, and a failure to diversify. ), "...joint stock company organized in 1620 by a charter from the British crown with authority to colonize and govern the area now known as New England." The climate of New England varies greatly across its 500 miles (800 km) span from northern Maine to southern Connecticut: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and western Massachusetts have a humid continental climate (Dfb in Köppen climate classification). CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide.  He carried every county in New England except for Piscataquis County, Maine, which he lost by 4% to Senator John McCain (R-AZ). In 1620, the Pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower and established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, beginning the history of permanent European colonization in New England. The New England region was an area of mostly homogeneous culture, mostly settled by large groups of people from England who were fleeing religious persecution or seeking new opportunities. Additionally New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine and Rhode Island took four of the top five spots for "Highest Property Tax as a Percentage of Personal Income".. , Massachusetts Puritans began to establish themselves in Connecticut as early as 1633.  In contrast to other American regions, many of New England's earliest Puritan settlers came from eastern England, contributing to New England's distinctive accents, foods, customs, and social structures. In rock music, the region has produced Rob Zombie, Aerosmith, The Modern Lovers, Phish, the Pixies, Grace Potter, GG Allin, the Dropkick Murphys and Boston. Football is the most popular sport in the region and was developed by Walter Camp in New Haven, Connecticut, in the 1870s and 1880s. Massachusetts and Rhode Island ranked eighth and ninth, respectively.  Other regional beverages include Moxie, one of the first mass-produced soft drinks in the United States, introduced in Lowell, Massachusetts, in 1876; it remains popular in New England, particularly in Maine today. The geography of the New England colonies influenced its economy and community set-up. The geography of the New England colonies was shaped by glaciers during the last ice age. Rockport, Puma and Wolverine World Wide have headquarters or regional offices just outside the city.  The Manufactory was also considered the largest cotton mill of its time. "Indian slavery in colonial America." Harvard College was the first such institution, founded in 1636 at Cambridge, Massachusetts, to train preachers. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps.  35.8% of foreign-born residents were born in Latin America, 28.6% were born in Asia, 22.9% were born in Europe, and 8.5% were born in Africa.. The glaciers dug up and scraped away the rich soil in New England, leaving behind a thin layer of rocky soil that was too poor to sustain many crops. He therefore established the Dominion of New England, an administrative union comprising all of the New England colonies. In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama carried all six New England states by 9 percentage points or more. The Boston Celtics were founded in 1946 and are one of the most successful NBA teams, winning 17 titles.  The region is generally considered to be the most liberal in the United States, with more New Englanders identifying as liberals than Americans elsewhere. New England has largely preserved its regional character, especially in its historic places. , New England is geologically a part of the New England province, an exotic terrane region consisting of the Appalachian Mountains, the New England highlands and the seaboard lowlands. Approximately 22.4% of the population were under 18 years of age; 13.5% were over 65 years of age. The New England colonists settled in towns, typically surrounded by 40 square miles of land that were farmed by the individuals who lived in the towns. A few of the unique regional terms include "grinders" for submarine sandwiches and "frappes" for thick milkshakes, referred to as "Cabinets" in Rhode Island. However, the southern colonies are closer to the Appalachian Mountain Range and the climate is warmer and drier. Early teams included the Providence Grays, the Worcester Worcesters and the Hartford Dark Blues; these did not last long, but other teams grew to renown, such as the Boston Braves and the Boston Red Sox. This is the strongest example of direct democracy in the U.S. today, and the strong democratic tradition was even apparent in the early 19th century, when Alexis de Tocqueville wrote in Democracy in America: New England, where education and liberty are the daughters of morality and religion, where society has acquired age and stability enough to enable it to form principles and hold fixed habits, the common people are accustomed to respect intellectual and moral superiority and to submit to it without complaint, although they set at naught all those privileges which wealth and birth have introduced among mankind. In this lesson, we're going to take a look at the climate and geography of New England, as the … The University of New England respects and acknowledges that its people, programs and facilities are built on land, and surrounded by a sense of belonging, both ancient and contemporary, of the world's oldest living culture.  In 1787, the first cotton mill in America was founded in the North Shore seaport of Beverly, Massachusetts, as the Beverly Cotton Manufactory. The Connecticut Whale hockey team and the Boston Pride are two of the four teams of the National Women's Hockey League. Past President C. Patrick Heidkamp Southern Connecticut State University 501 Crescent St. New Haven, CT 06515 Email: email@example.com Tel: 203-392-5919. There are several academic journals and publishing companies in the region, including The New England Journal of Medicine, Harvard University Press and Yale University Press. "The Pine Tree was the last to be coined, and today there are specimens in existence, which is probably why all of these early coins are referred to as Pine Tree shillings."  Though New England is today considered a Democratic Party stronghold, much of the region was staunchly Republican before the mid-twentieth century. New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont have cooperated in developing a New England Common Assessment Program test under the No Child Left Behind guidelines. It is a World Marathon Major and is operated by the Boston Athletic Association. The region is mostly energy-efficient compared to the U.S. at large, with every state but Maine ranking within the ten most energy-efficient states; every state in New England also ranks within the ten most expensive states for electricity prices. Historic sites in the New England in 2014 Island ranked eighth and ninth,.... $ 1.1 trillion. [ 186 ] an early rival of the University of Massachusetts is! Hodgman, Rob Corddry and Steve Carell are from Massachusetts of Cuban descent are scant in ;. Business from the region, save for Fairfield County, such as Henry David Thoreau, Waldo. Reserve Bank of Boston publishes the New England deep forests and woods is not very conducive to farming it! 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